There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.
What are 3 standard precautions?
- Hand hygiene.
- Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
- Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
- Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
- Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
- Sterile instruments and devices.
What are examples of transmission-based precautions?
- airborne transmission, e.g., pulmonary tuberculosis, chickenpox, measles.
- droplet transmission, e.g., influenza, pertussis (whooping cough), rubella.
- contact transmission (direct or indirect), e.g., viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, MRSA, scabies.
What are the three types of transmission-based?
There are three types of transmission-based precautions–contact, droplet, and airborne – the type used depends on the mode of transmission of a specific disease.
What are the four transmission-based precautions?
The 3 categories of Transmission-Based Precautions are Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions, and they are based on the likely routes of transmission of specific infectious agents.
What are the 10 standard precautions?
- hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
- the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
- the safe use and disposal of sharps.
- routine environmental cleaning.
- incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions .
What are OSHA standard precautions?
Standard precautions includes the use of: hand washing, appropriate personal protective equipment such as gloves, gowns, masks, whenever touching or exposure to patients’ body fluids is anticipated.
What is the use of transmission-based precautions specific to?
Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.
What are 4 types of isolation?
It recommended that hospitals use one of seven isolation categories (Strict Isolation, Respiratory Isolation, Protective Isolation, Enteric Precautions, Wound and Skin Precautions, Discharge Precautions, and Blood Precautions).
What illnesses require airborne precautions?
Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
What diseases are airborne transmission?
Some of the common pathogens that may spread via airborne transmission are:
What are the three basic elements of airborne precautions?
Airborne precautions consist of a three-level hierarchy of (1) administrative controls, (2) environmental controls, and (3) respiratory-protection controls.
What is the difference between droplet transmission and airborne transmission?
They may also fall on surfaces and then be transferred onto someone’s hand who then rubs their eyes, nose or mouth. Airborne transmission occurs when bacteria or viruses travel in droplet nuclei that become aerosolized. Healthy people can inhale the infectious droplet nuclei into their lungs.