The controlling of armature resistance controls the voltage drop across the armature. With this method, the speed of the DC motor can control.
Why do we need to control the speed of a DC motor?
DC Motors plays an important role in energy conversion process. It is a machine which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. In mechanical system, speed varies with number of task so speed control is necessary to do mechanical work in a proper way. It makes motor to operate easily.
Why is speed control important?
This is very important when you start and break in large electric motors, because the greatest loads on the motor and the power supply occur in these cases. Furthermore, intelligent speed control reduces the maintenance and servicing costs of the plant many times over, thus saving considerable time and money.
What is DC motor speed?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
How can we reduce motor speed?
So, if you want to decrease speed, decrease voltage. If you want to decrease torque, decrease current. If you increase torque (say by putting a brake on the motor), you are increasing motor torque. But if you don’t change the supply of electrical power, then the mechanical power also won’t change.
Which motor is best for speed control?
Brushless DC motors are an advanced option due to their wide speed range, low heat and maintenance-free operation. Stepper Motors offer high torque and smooth low speed operation. Speed is typically controlled by manual operation on the driver or by an external switch, or with an external 0~10 VDC.
What controls the speed of a engine?
The driver of a car controls the engine’s power to achieve vehicle speed. The operator of an off-highway diesel engine just controls engine speed, and power is developed automatically. This behaviour is similar to the cruise control in a car.
Is used to control the motor speed?
Well many people attempt to control the speed of a DC motor using a large variable resistor (Rheostat) in series with the motor as shown. … One simple and easy way to control the speed of a motor is to regulate the amount of voltage across its terminals and this can be achieved using “Pulse Width Modulation” or PWM.
What is control speed?
: equipment designed to operate automatically under certain conditions to keep the speed of a railroad train within a predetermined rate.
What is the speed of the motor?
Definition. Speed of a motor is the magnitude of the rotational velocity of the motor shaft. In a motion application, speed of the motor dictates how fast the axis rotates – the number of complete revolutions per unit time.