Many single phase ac motors have been developed for traction purposes but only compensated series type commutator motor is found to be best suited for traction. Single phase induction motors have been abandoned as they are not capable of developing high starting torque.
Which motor is used in traction?
Explanation: DC motors are used for traction as, according to the characteristics of DC motors speed is inversely proportional to torque and square of armature current as well, if linear magnetization is concerned. Thus, DC motors are perfectly suitable for traction.
Which DC motor is used for traction purpose?
1. DC shunt motor is a constant speed motor but for traction purpose, the speed of the motor should vary with service conditions. 2. In case of DC shunt motor, the power output is independent of speed and is proportional to torque.
What is a traction motor used for?
Traction motor refers to a type of electric motor. A traction motor is used to make rotation torque on a machine. It is usually changed into a straight line motion. Traction motors are used in electrically powered rail vehicles such as electric multiple units and electric locomotives.
Which type of following motors are most efficient?
BLDC motors are typically 85–90% efficient or more. Efficiency for a BLDC motor of up to 96.5% have been reported, whereas DC motors with brushgear are typically 75–80% efficient.
What types of DC motor is used in traction system?
The motors used are induction or asynchronous motors designed to have characteristics suitable for traction. The speed and torque of the motor are controlled by varying the frequency, voltage and current applied to the stator coils. Motors for a typical locomotive would be in the range 400 to 600 kW.
Are locomotives AC or DC?
“Locomotives are powered by diesel engines that generate electricity for the traction motors that turn the wheels,” said Robin Chapman, Norfolk Southern spokesman, in an email. “The generators produce either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC).
Which motor is not used for traction purpose?
DC shunt motors are not suitable for traction purpose, the reasons are given below: 1. The dc shunt motor is a constant speed motor and its speed-torque characteristic does not meet with the requirements of traction. i.e., the power drawn from supply mains varies directly as the load torque.
What kind of motors do Tesla use?
There are two main kinds of electric motors used in electric cars, though there are many variations on those themes. Tesla, for example, uses alternating current (AC) induction motors in the Model S but uses permanent-magnet direct current (DC) motors in its Model 3.
What are the general features of traction motor?
However, traction motors usually require frequent start/stop, high rate of acceleration/deceleration, high-torque low-speed hill climbing, low-torque high-speed cruising, and very wide speed range of operation, whereas industrial motors are generally optimized at rated conditions.