What could be the reasons if a synchronous motor fails to start? Voltage may be too low. Some faulty connection in auxiliary apparatus. Too much starting load.
What are the troubles when synchronous motor fails to start?
But it is. Slight torsional vibration causing problems in machines attached to a synchronous motor, trouble starting, cracked amortisseur windings, broken couplings and the inability to maintain synchronous speed should signify potential problems in a rotor circuit.
What are the applications of synchronous motor?
Synchronous motors are normally used in applications in which a constant and precise speed is required. Typical applications of these low power motors are positioning machines. They are also used in robot actuators. Synchronous motors are also used in ball mills, watches, record players, and turntables.
What is synchronous condenser and its applications?
A synchronous condenser or a synchronous compensator is a synchronous motor running without a mechanical load. It can generate or absorb reactive volt-ampere (VAr) by varying the excitation of its field winding. It can be made to take a leading current with over-excitation of its field winding.
How can a synchronous motor be self starting?
Answer: The synchronous motor itself does not have the ability to self-start. However, the addition of an additional winding known as damper winding (similar to squirrel cage motor) enables it to self-start. This damper winding is linked with the rotor, and works on the principle of induction motor.
What techniques are available to start a synchronous motor?
The different methods used to start a synchronous motor are :
- Using Pony Motors : By using the small pony motors like a small induction motor, we can start the synchronous motor. …
- Using Small D.C. Machine : …
- Using Damper Winding : …
- As a Slip Ring Induction Motor ( Synchronous Induction Motor ) :
What is the main disadvantage of synchronous motors?
Disadvantages or Demerits:
Synchronous motors requires dc excitation which must be supplied from external sources. Synchronous motors are inherently not self starting motors and needs some arrangement for its starting and synchronizing. The cost per kW output is generally higher than that of induction motors.
Which of the following is the advantage of synchronous motor?
The advantages of the synchronous motor are the ease with which the power factor can be controlled and the constant rotational speed of the machine, irrespective of the applied load. Synchronous motors, however, are generally more expensive and a d.c. supply is a necessary feature of the rotor excitation.
What are the advantages of synchronous motor?
The advantage of using synchronous motor is the ability to control the power factor. An over excited synchronous-motor has leading power factor and is operated in parallel to induction motors thereby improving the system power factor. Speed remains constant irrespective of the loads in synchronous motors.