According to the formal definition, the slip (s) of an induction motor is: For small values of motor slip, the slip (s) is proportional to the rotor resistance, stator voltage frequency, and load torque — and is in inverse proportion to the second power of supply voltage.
How is slip measured on an induction motor?
It is common to express the slip as the ratio between the shaft rotation speed and the synchronous magnetic field speed. When the rotor is not turning the slip is 100 %.
Number of poles, frequencies and synchronous induction motor speed.
|No. of Magnetic Poles||Frequency (Hz)|
What causes slip in an induction motor?
“Slip” in an AC induction motor is defined as:
As the speed of the rotor drops below the stator speed, or synchronous speed, the rotation rate of the magnetic field in the rotor increases, inducing more current in the rotor’s windings and creating more torque.
What amount of slip could be expected in an induction motor?
The value of slip at full load varies from 6% in the case of a small motor and 2% in a large motor. The induction motor never runs at synchronous speed. The speed of the rotor is always less than that of the synchronous speed.
How is slip of a motor calculated?
Slip speed is the speed difference between the Synchronous speed and Rotor speed. Slip speed = Synchronous speed – Rotor speed = Ns -N. Slip, s = (Ns – N) / Ns.
What is the maximum value of slip in induction motor?
(3.68), this maximum slip frequency is a function of leakage inductance, and thus, its range depends on the total leakage inductance, X l s + X l r . For a standard induction motor, this value is normally 0.2 p.u., producing a constant power range up to two to three times the rated speed.
What type of rotor is most commonly used in an induction motor?
-Rotor may be wire wound when variable speeds are desired, although a cage rotor is most commonly used. -Stator provides a rotating magnetic field when two or more phases of current are applied. -The difference between rotor speed and magnetic field speed in an AC induction motor.
What are the types of induction motor?
Types of Induction Motor: A Concise and Useful Guild
- Types of Single-Phase Induction Motors. Split Phase Induction Motors. 2&3. Capacitor Start and Capacitor Start Capacitor Run Induction Motors. …
- Types of Three-Phase Induction Motors. Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. Slip-ring or Wound Rotor Induction Motor.
What is the basic principle of induction motor?
Working Principle of Induction Motor
The motor which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction is known as the induction motor. The electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon in which the electromotive force induces across the electrical conductor when it is placed in a rotating magnetic field.