What is a bypass jet engine?

Bypass usually refers to transferring gas power from a gas turbine to a bypass stream of air to reduce fuel consumption and jet noise. Alternatively, there may be a requirement for an afterburning engine where the sole requirement for bypass is to provide cooling air.

What is engine bypass?

In a turbofan (bypass) engine, the bypass ratio is a comparison between the mass flow rate of air drawn into the engine through the fan disk that goes around the engine core with the mass flow rate of the air that goes through the engine core.

How does a jet engine start?

The electric motor spins the main shaft until there is enough air blowing through the compressor and the combustion chamber to light the engine. … Fuel starts flowing and an igniter similar to a spark plug ignites the fuel.

Can turbofans go supersonic?

Turbofans can tolerate supersonic speeds because the intake creates constant flow conditions irrespective of flight speed. Efficiency for propellers and fan blades is highest at subsonic flow conditions.

How is bypass ratio calculated?

The bypass ratio for the turbofan engine is defined as the ratio between the mass flow rate of the bypass stream to the mass flow rate entering the core.

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