The current level of mean effective pressure (mep) of automotive diesel engines is 20 to 30 bar. Maximum pressure (pmax) is about 180 to 200 bar. In special applications even higher figures have been achieved in the past.
What happens to the pressure in each cylinder?
Decreasing the volume of a gas increases the pressure of the gas. An example of this is when a gas is trapped in a cylinder by a piston. If the piston is pushed in, the gas particles will have less room to move as the volume the gas occupies has been decreased.
How do you calculate the force of a cylinder?
Calculate the force — The theoretical force output of a cylinder is the product of the air pressure applied and usable piston area exposed to it, F = P × A, where F = force in lb, P = supply pressure in psi, and A = piston area in in.
What are the 4 cycles of an engine?
An internal-combustion engine goes through four strokes: intake, compression, combustion (power), and exhaust.
What are signs of low compression?
If you experience compression loss in one cylinder of the engine, it can cause misfiring and poor vehicle performance. A decrease in power output is a sign of worn-out internal parts. Sometimes, an engine misfire code may indicate compression loss, but first, check the ignition and fuel for problems.
What is a good compression PSI?
As a general rule a compression of 135 PSI or better is excellent. Similarly, a compression of 85 PSI or lower is extremely bad. The most desirable situation is that all cylinders, give the same or close to the same reading. Furthermore, that reading should be above 135 PSI.