Do DC motors have torque?
Many applications require a high starting torque. The D.C. motor, by its very nature, has a high torque vs. speed characteristic, enabling it to deal with high resistive torques and absorb sudden rises in load effortlessly; the motor speed adapts to the load.
What are the applications of DC motor?
The shunt motors are used where constant speed is required and starting conditions are not severe. The various applications of DC shunt motor are in Lathe Machines, Centrifugal Pumps, Fans, Blowers, Conveyors, Lifts, Weaving Machine, Spinning machines, etc.
What are the two main parts of DC motor?
DC motors include two key components: a stator and an armature. The stator is the stationary part of a motor, while the armature rotates. In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate.
Why do DC motors have more torque?
Any DC motor will experience a decrease in speed when a load is applied, which causes the back EMF to decrease. The reduction in back EMF increases the net voltage, since the supply voltage remains constant. The net voltage increase causes the armature current to increase, which increases the motor torque.
What is inside a DC motor?
The rotor is normally located on the inside of the motor, while the stator is located on the outside. The rotor contains coil windings that are powered by the DC current and the stator contains either permanent magnets or electromagnetic windings. … To keep the rotor rotating, the motor has a commutator.
What are the advantages of DC motor?
Below are some of the most prominent advantages of DC motors: They are suitable for low-speed torque. They have adjustable speed. They offer a wide range of speed control both below and above the rated speed.
What are the disadvantages of DC motor?
Disadvantages of DC motors
- High initial cost.
- Increased operation and maintenance cost due to the presence of commutator and brush gear.
- Cannot operate in explosive and hazard conditions due to sparking occur at brush (risk in commutation failure)